Robert’s Rules provide common rules and procedures for deliberation and debate in order to place the whole membership on the same footing and speaking the same language. The conduct of ALL business is controlled by the general will of the whole membership - the right of the deliberate majority to decide.

Robert's Rules provides for constructive and democratic meetings, to help, not hinder, the business of the assembly. Under no circumstances should "undue strictness" be allowed to intimidate members or limit full participation.

Underlying Principles

Classification of Motions

Bring business before the assembly Assist the assembly in treating or disposing of a main motion
  • Lay on the table
  • Previous Question (close debate)
  • Limit or Extend Limits of Debate
  • Postpone to a Certain Time (or Postpone Definitely)
  • Commit (or Refer)
  • Amend
  • Postpone Indefinitely
Related to the parliamentary situation in such a way that it must be decided before business can proceed
  • Appeal
  • Consider by paragraph or seriatim
  • Create a Blank
  • Division of a Question
  • Division of the Assembly
  • Objection to the Consideration of a Question
  • Parliamentary Inquiry
  • Point of Information
  • Point of Order
  • Request for Permission to Withdraw a Motion
  • Suspend the Rules
Deal with special matters of immediate or overriding importance. They do not relate to the pending business of the assembly
  • Fix the time to Which to Adjourn
  • Adjourn
  • Recess
  • Raise a Question of Privilege
  • Call for the Orders of the Day
Bring a question back before the assembly for consideration:
  • Take from the table
  • Rescind or amend something previously adopted
  • Discharge a committee
  • Reconsider

Precendence of Motions

Purpose and Characteristics of Motions

Cheat Sheets

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